The vampiric folklore in Romania was so potent and fused with the common beliefs that there were strict rules what should someone do from sunrise to sundown, and after, to avoid becoming one of the children of the night, and regulations how to handle a vampire. Romania is the country where the modern myths of the vampire got started, even before the birth of the modern archetype for the vampire, their own count Dracula. This is the place where we learn about the identification and destruction of the vampires.
Romanian vampires were categorized as Moroi and Strigoi. The etymology of the term Moroi comes from the Romanian word "mort" which means "dead" and is close with the Slavic word which means "nightmare". The latter classification of the two beings depended on their status as either living or dead. Live Strigoi were described as living witches with two hearts or souls. Strigoi had the ability to send out their souls in the night to meet with other members of their kind and consume the blood of livestock and hunt their neighbors. Live Strigoi became revenants after their death. On the other hand, dead Strigoi were described as reanimated corpses that also had a tendency for sucking blood and continuously attacked members of their living family. These creatures don’t have souls. The living dead are also called Moroi since they become revenant after death. The term Strigoi has no direct relation to the Greek striges, but was derived from the Roman term strix, as is the name of the Albanian Shtriga and the Slavic Strzyga, though myths about these creatures are more similar to their Slavic equivalents. Female Strigoi can come back into the world of the living and actually marry and try to lead normal lives, but they will soon exhaust their husband with their sexual appetite, if they haven't killed them already. Male Strigoi can have children called Dhampirs. These children can grow up to detect and hurt vampires.
There are many ways of a person to become a vampire. Someone born with a an extra nipple, a tail, or extra hair was doomed to become a vampire. the seventh child in any family shared the same fate if all of his or her previous siblings were of the same sex (example: The seventh son of the seventh son). The superstition goes that children who were born too early or their mother had encountered a black cat crossing her path also were destined to become bloodsucking children of the night. Even If a pregnant woman did not eat salt or was looked by a vampire or a witch, is inevitable her child to become a vampire. Exposed to potential risk of becoming vampires were those who died an unnatural death or before baptism, and even a person with red hair and blue eyes was seen as a potential Strigoi, which indicated the stadium of fear for every notion of individuality portrayed as a potential vampiric manifestation.
Beside Moroi and Strigoi,
another type of Romanian vampire is Pricolici.
Pricolici are humans born with a tail, with the ability of shape-shifting, similar with the werewolfs but unlike them they can control their transformation. They kept their entire power in their tail. Most of the time Pricolici remained in their wolf form.
People who were born doomed could seek blessing from the church and be Baptized. Dogs, Cats and Plants can became vampires too. If there were sudden deaths in the area then the people knew a vampire was stacking his claim around. In Romania there are ways to tell if someone is a vampire: The corpse swelled or turned black before burial, corpses with a red face, a foot was facing inward, traces of corn meal on coffin, a freshly preserved body of the deceased, and there was a small hole located near the headstone so the vampire is able to get in and out of his coffin this way. You can kill a vampire by a stake of iron or wood through the heart or the navel, by taking out its heart and burning its body piece by piece, or by placing garlic in the mouth of the deceased so it won't rise. Just to avoid vampires people stayed inside their homes with all of the lights on, placed thorns across thresholds, painted crosses with tar on doors, and pit garlic everywhere, lit Bonfires and prayed. Here we see direct correlation with the Christianity combined with superstition as a method of defense against the vampires.
There is a general understanding that Romanian vampires have bitten their victims over the heart or between the eyes, and every sudden death was an indication of the presence of a vampire. That’s why graves were often opened five or seven years after burial and the corpses were checked for vampirism, before they were washed and reburied. Romanians used different techniques for the destroying of the vampires every Easter and during the feast of St. Andrews and St. George, because these are the times when the vampires are at their strongest. Some of the myths and legends about vampires and their destruction have migrated into the western world and became standardizes tropes that we know of today. The staking of the vampire in the chest and the decapitating and burning of the body were the three of the ways to kill a vampire that we still believe today, but emerged from Romania. Some superstitions like putting garlic around your house and a cross on your door of keeping a vampire away are still around today. They are repelled by the smell of garlic and as creatures of hell the cross wards then off. In novels and movies vampires can't touch a cross without being seriously burned. To Romanians the vampires were like their bogyman they thought that it was real and they shaped their lives based on of their beliefs.