Some consider Mesopotamia as the birthplace of the vampire mythology. The vampiric creatures known to terrorize Mesopotamians were called Ekimmu which means „snatched away". The legend goes that people can be turned into Ekimmu, who represent a angry and bitter spirit who is banished to roam the earth in search of peace. The creature was appeared as a form of demon-phantom, and haunted his victims to feed its misery. The Ekimmu breaks today’s vampire stereotypes, because it does not drink blood in order to live, instead it feeds off of the life forces of plants, animals, elements, and humans by tapping into their aura. It is believed that if a Ekimmu shows at the doorstep, it’s not a good sign. An Ekimmu could also make the living behave criminally or could inflict disease upon them. A human can become a Ekimmu in cases where he suffered a violent death, was killed in war, died young, had an improper burial, or no burial at all. It is believed that modern Ekimmu tend to stay in run-down urban areas, live in sewers, tunnels, and abandoned buildings, and wander the earth among the homeless.
A similar vampiric demon-like creature like Ekimmu is Uruku, which means „vampire that attacks man". A human can be hurt by simply looking into the eyes of a Uruku. Uruku can be detected haunting deserted places such as graveyards, mountains, and the seas.
Two types of vampires that have roots in Mesopotamia are commonly found in today’s art and myths. Those are the female Succubi, and the male incubi. They manifest themselves in dreams, use sexual seduction to trap their victims, and then prey on them while they sleep.
The Seven Demons have common characteristics with today’s perception of the vampires. They avoided the temples of the Gods and fed on human blood. One of the most terrifying female demons in Mesopotamia is Lamashtu (Sumer's Dimme), the daughter of the sun-god Anu. She is often depicted as a terrifying blood-sucking creature with a lion's head and the body of a donkey, or any kind of animal form in general. She killed children, drank the blood and ate the flesh of men, brought nightmares upon her victims, killed nature, contaminated water supplies, and caused miscarriages for pregnant women. It was said that she watched pregnant women vigilantly, particularly when they went into labor. Afterwards, she’ll snatch the newborn from the mother to drink its blood and eat its flesh.
If we descent into Babylonian demonology we can find the myth about Lilith (known as the blood-sucking nocturnal ghost Lilitu), a night demon and a dark demigoddess similar to Hectate. According to the medieval folk traditions the legend goes that Lilith is the first wife of Adam, before Eva, and she disobeyed her husband and refused to be Adam's subordinate, so therefore is forever doomed to wander the earth as a demon, banished from Eden by God himself. She targeted a wide range of victims such as newborn children, pregnant women and was blamed for putting erotic dreams into the minds of men. She also possessed the power of shape shifting and in Mesopotamia was mentioned to take the form of an owl. To ward off attacks from Lilith, parents used to hang amulets in their children’s cradles. In Hebrew law was forbidden the eating of human flesh or the drinking of any type of blood, therefore Lilith's blood drinking was described as exceptionally evil.
Even thou the vampiric legend about Vryolakas is widespread in the country of Ellada. The vryolakas are corpses of people who were possessed by a demon. At night they have risen from their graves and knocked on people's front doors calling their names. If someone answered the door, they were doomed to die the next day from disease.
Gallu was a Sumerian demon of the underworld closely associated with Lilith and the group of Uruku demons. In incantations they are mentioned as spirits that threaten every house, rage at people, eat their flesh, and as they let their blood flow like rain, they never stop drinking blood.